Critique of the Gotha Program
PDF EBook by Karl Marx
EBook DescriptionRead it at " http://marxists. Critique of the Gotha Program PDF EBookorg/archive/marx/work... " which is just the critique itself (and a brief introduction by Engels).
Some key points: I don't think this is an endorsement of "labor vouchers", but rather Marx pointing out that the new society is going to be stamped with the marks of the old, and that any sort of voucher is founded in capitalism and is a bourgeois right; download; but also it demolishes the idea that contributions are even measurable beyond labor time. I think Lenin's turning of this, even in "State and Revolution" into a two- PDFstage model is more a function of the inherent tendency toward bureaucratization in the Bolshevik party model. In other words, the principle Marx is getting at is not "first we will have the system of labor vouchers and the social safety net administered by the dictatorship of the proletariat, and then, full communism!" but that task of the revolutionary proletariat is not just to smash the state, seize power, and expropriate the expropriators, but to, by changing the basic conditions of production, give birth to entirely new social relations.
Marx's pointing out that Nature is the source of wealth is important, and a good reminder - it's too easy to fall into the trap that since only labor produces surplus value, to then fall into "labor is the source of all wealth". That would be an inaccurate bit of inductive reasoning, there.
Marx does provide some guidance on organization, here, as Dunayevskaya points out. For instance:
"The international activity of the working classes does not in any way depend on the existence of the International Working Men's Association. This was only the first attempt to create a central organ for the activity; an attempt which was a lasting success on account of the impulse which it gave but which was no longer realizable in its historical form after the fall of the Paris Commune."
This is practically overflowing with advice. It's a pretty clear statement of Marx feeling that the working classes are autonomous of parties, unions, and other official organizations; that he feels that there is some usefulness to some forms of those organizations (that the IWMA was an attempt to create a central organ for the activity, and that the First International was a lasting success), but that they are historically specific, and are about coordinating, connecting, and aiding the organization of the class, not substituting for the class or sections of it. As an autonomist, I would of course extend this to say that each composition of the class has its own forms of organization. The whole discussion on organization serves as a strong rejection of the Second International, and even of, as Dunayevskaya would put it, the "half-way" solution of Lenin. Like this book? Read online this: The Communist Manifesto of Marx and Engels (A Continuum book), Intimate Critique - PB.
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